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International Birth Defects Information Systems
Congenital Transplacental Infections

International Birth Defects Information Systems


Topics: | Infections | AIDS | C. Herpes Simplex | C. Infections | C. Mixovirus | C. Mumps | Erythema Infectiosum | Herpes | Histoplasmosis | Intrauterine | Malaria | Miscarriage | Perinatal Infections | Pregnancy Loss | Prenatal Infections | Rubella | Rubéola | SIDA | TORCH | Transplacental Infections | Varicella |

Related Topics: | Birth Defects |

Service Related: | Support Groups | Professional Associations | Key Information Sources |

Languages: | English | Spanish |

Congenital Infections
Neal P. Simon, M.D. Emory University Department of Pediatrics, 2007
Congenital infections affect the unborn fetus or newborn infant. They are generally caused by viruses that may be picked up by the baby at any time during the pregnancy up throght the time of delivery...The more common viruses linked to congenital infections include the cytomegalovirus (CMV), Herpes, Rubella (German measles), Parvovirus, Varicella(chickenpox), and Enterovirus...

Congenital Infections
Geneva Foundation for Medical Education and Research, December 23, 2007
Visitor Comments [Teaching Resource]
Selected medical images

Maternal infection and the risk for cerebral palsy
Mayo Clinic Staff, November 14, 2006
Babies of normal birth weight who are exposed to infection in their mothers' wombs appear to have a nine-fold increased risk of developing cerebral palsy (CP), according to a study published in the July 16, 1997, issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA). Mayo physicians say that this finding, although compelling, is preliminary and should not cause pregnant women to be unduly concerned.

Infecciones/Enfermedades durante el embarazo
March Of Dimes, 2008
Visitor Comments [Spanish]

Congenital Rubella Syndrome
Susan Reef, MD et al.
Rubella is viral illness caused by a togavirus of the genus Rubivirus...When rubella infection occurs during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, fetal infection is likely and often causes congenital rubella syndrome(CRS), resulting in abortions, miscarriages, stillbirths, and severe birth defects. Up to 20% of the infants born to mothers infected during the first half of pregnancy have CRS. The most common congenital defects are cataracts, heart disease, sensorineural deafness, and mental retardation...

March Of Dimes, 2008
Visitor Comments [Support Groups] [Spanish]

Histoplasmosis and the Eye
Histoplasmosis is a disease caused when airborne spores of the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum … Found throughout the world in river valleys and soil where bird or bat droppings accumulate … Disturbed by plowing fields, sweeping chicken coops, or digging holes.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, October 12, 2005
Visitor Comments [for Professionals mainly]
The disease primarily affect the lungs.

Histoplasmosis: Protecting Workers at Risk
DHHS, September 1997
Visitor Comments [for Professionals mainly]
Histoplasmosis is an infectious disease caused by inhaling.

Toxoplasmosis and Pregnancy
"... The information below will help you determine if Toxoplasmosis represents an increased fetal risk. If you have any additional questions or for information regarding OTIS, contact the Teratology Information Service in your area ... with every pregnancy, all women have a 3 to 5 percent chance to have a baby with a birth defect ... Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the parasite Toxoplasma gondii. You can get it by eating undercooked, infected meat, or handling soil or cat feces that contain the parasite. Swelling of the lymph nodes or a mononucleosis-type (fever, fatigue, and sore throat) illness may be seen. Most adults have no symptoms. In most cases, once you have gotten toxoplasmosis, you cannot get it again ... in the United States, approx. two-thirds of women have never had toxoplasmosis and are at risk for an infection ..."

Herpes Simplex Infection, Type II
Dept. of Dermatology-University of Iowa College of Medicine, September 1995
Visitor Comments [Teaching Resource]

Malaria Infection during Pregnancy: Intrauterine Growth Retardation and Preterm Delivery
Amy D. Sullivan, et al, The Journal of Infectious Diseases 1999;179:1580-1583
Malaria infection in pregnancy contributes to low birth weight through intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) and preterm delivery (PTD).

Ei Vih y el SIDA en el embarazo
March Of Dimes, 2008
Visitor Comments [Support Groups] [Spanish]

The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation
The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation, 2007

Gateway to AIDS Knowledge
HIV InSite, University of California., 2008
Visitor Comments [English] [Spanish]

United States HIV/AIDS Service Organizations
The Body,
Visitor Comments [Support Groups]
Alaska, Alabama, Arkansas, Arizona, California ...


Last Updated: 2008/1/09


American Medical Association