... Preamble ...
Medical genetics is one of the most rapidly advancing fields of medicine; molecular genetics is now integral to all aspects of biomedical science. Every physician who practices in the 21st century will require a basic knowledge of the principles of human genetics and their application to a wide variety of clinical problems. ...
We recognize that medical school curricula differ substantially throughout North America and that many schools are reevaluating and revising their approaches to medical education. Each school must find the best way to incorporate teaching in medical genetics into its own curriculum, but some generalizations are possible:
- Medical genetics is both a basic biomedical science and a clinical specialty; it is insufficient to teach it as either alone. Teaching in medical genetics must span the entire undergraduate medical school curriculum and must continue into the postgraduate years as well.
- Medical genetics must be explicitly included in the curriculum. Although some aspects of medical genetics overlap with and may be taught by other disciplines, students are unlikely to learn what they need unless specific learning objectives in medical genetics are established for them. This is especially true of issues that lie at the heart of medical genetics, such as the importance of disease prediction and prevention, the appropriate application of novel scientific discoveries to clinical care, and the nondirective approach to counseling.
- A person or committee should be given specific responsibility for the curriculum in medical genetics at each medical school. This responsibility should extend throughout the entire undergraduate curriculum and should include involvement in all courses that contain (or that should contain) material related to medical genetics.
- Medical genetics can be taught effectively by a variety of different methods and in various formats. Problem-based learning is particularly well suited to medical genetics, which involves the integration of skills and knowledge from many different fields.
Am. J. Hum. Genet. 56:535, 1995
British Medical Schools.
Association of American Medical Colleges
Medical Schools of the U.S.
Medical Schools of Canada
European Medical Resources
A selection listed by country.
Graduate Medical Programs: Hospitals and Medical Schools
Anesthesiology ... Dermatology ... Emergency Medicine ... Family Practice ... Internal Medicine ... Medicine-Pediatrics ... Medicince-Primary ...
American Medical Association
State and County Medical Societies (Login Required)
National Medical Specialty Societies (Login Required)
National Medical Specialty Societies or Associations
Medical Societies & Associations - Ordered Alphabetically
International Medical Links
Union Europeenne Des Medecins Specialistes - European Union of Medical Specialists
National Associations, Members UEMS.
Associations Nationales, membres de l`UEMS.
European Medical Association
Medecins Sans Frontieres Doctors Without Borders
ACOG -- American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists -- Women's Health Care
American Academy of Pediatrics
American Academy of Family Physicians
Plastic Surgery Information Service
Society for Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics
Our goal is to improve the health care of infants, children, and adolescents by promoting research and teaching in developmental and behavioral pediatrics.
International Clearinghouse for Birth Defects Surveillance and Research
Dedicated to the sharing of data, news and views on congenital malformations monitoring, research and prevention.
National Birth Defects Prevention Network
Eurocat - European Registration of Congenital Anomalies
Prevalence of some congenital anomalies ...
World Alliance of Organizations for the Prevention and Treatment of Genetic and Congenital Conditions
it must be realized that congenital malformations are manifestations of prenatal pathology, an area as large and complex as that of postnatal pathology
obscured by the inaccessibility of the unborn
and unresponsive to investigate methods traditional in postnatal research
"1 Josef Warkany, M.D.
Teratology Society is a multidisciplinary scientific society founded in 1960
European Teratology Society (E.T.S.)
Dedicated to the Prevention of Adverse Effects on Reproduction and Development.
Organization of Teratology Information Services (OTIS)
Teratology is the study of the effects that drugs, medications, chemicals and other exposures may have on the fetus
Teratology Information Services (TIS) are comprehensive and multidisciplinary resources for medical consultation on prenatal exposures.
Rare Genetic Diseases In Children
American Board of Medical Genetics
American Society of Gene Therapy
American Society of Human Genetics
European Society of Human Genetics
The Genetical Society (UK)
Genetic Society of America
Human Genetics Society of Australasia ...
... is an international coalition of individuals, professionals and genetic support organizations that is working together to enhance the lives of everyone impacted by genetic conditions.
American Board of Medical Genetics
American College of Medical Genetics
Genetic Susceptibility to Breast and Ovarian Cancer
Standards and Guidelines for Clinical Genetics Laboratories
ACMG Journal: Genetics in Medicine
Gene Patents & Accessibility of Gene Testing
Statement on Universal Newborn Hearing Screening ...
American Board of Genetic Counseling
International Federation of Human Genetics Societies
The Genetics Society of America
European Society of Human Genetics
British Society for Human Genetics
Genetic Testing for Rare Disorders
Genetic Testing of Children ...
South African Society for Human Genetics
Association of Professors of Human or Medical Genetics
To promote human and medical genetics educational programs in North American medical and graduate schools. More than ninety institutions are now official members of the Association.
National Coalition for Health Professions Education in Genetics
International Society of Nurses in Genetics
National Society of Genetic Counselors, Inc.
Genetic counselors are health professionals with specialized graduate degrees and experience in the areas of medical genetics and counseling. Most enter the field from a variety of disciplines, including biology, genetics, nursing, psychology, public health and social work.
Canadian Association of Genetic Counsellors
Association of Genetic Technologists
The Association of Genetic Technologists, Inc. (AGT), established to promote cooperation and exchange of information among those engaged in classical cytogenetics, molecular and biochemical genetics, and to stimulate interest in genetics as a career.
National Newborn Screening and Genetics Resource Center
Information and resources in the area of newborn screening and genetics to benefit health professionals, the public health community, consumers and government officials.
Human Genome Project Information
Begun in 1990, the U.S. Human Genome Project is a 13-year effort coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. The project originally was planned to last 15 years, but rapid technological advances have accelerated the expected completion date to 2003. Project goals are to
- Identify all the more than 100,000 genes in human DNA,
- Determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA,
- Store this information in databases,
- Develop tools for data analysis, and
- Address the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project.
The National Human Genome Research Institute
The International Society of Prenatal Diagnosis
In 1994, it was decided to establish formally an International Society. The purposes of the Society shall be to advance the art and science of all aspects of preimplantation, screening, and treatment; foster education in and knowledge of the above areas, among members and the public, by means of international symposia, meetings, and courses; encourage the exchange of information and experience among members and between members and the public; and offer a platform from which a variety of relevant opinions may be disseminated to members, other professionals and the public.
Center for Inherited Disease Research
The National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI) serving as the lead agency
The National Cancer Institute (NCI)
The National Institute on Aging (NIA)
The National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) ...
Last Updated: 2008/5/6